Reference Architecture for Systems of Systems: a Systematic Mapping


  • Priscilla Elizabeth Pereira Batista Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG)/ Tribunal de Justiça do Estado de Goiás (TJ-GO)
  • Renato de Freitas Bulcão Neto Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG)
  • Carlos Eduardo de Barros Paes Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo (PUC-SP)
  • Eliomar Araujo de Lima Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG)
  • Adair José Rohling Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná (UTFPR)
  • Valdemar Vicente Graciano Neto Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG)



Systems-of-Systems;, Reference Architecture, Systematic Mapping


Systems-of-Systems (SoS) are a class of complex systems that often involve Information Systems as their constituents. However, when systems are required to become constituents of a SoS, they should meet specific requirements. In this sense, a reference architecture (RA) can bring together the requirements and design details necessary to enable a system to become a SoS constituent, in addition to assuring SoS quality and potential for reusing the designed architectures. An investigation of the state of the art in the field can, therefore, help to understand how SoS has in fact benefited from RAs and what still needs to be progressed. The main contribution of this article is to present the results of a systematic mapping on the RAs proposed in SoS context. 23 studies out of 361 studies retrieved from 5 bases were included for analysis and extraction. Results reveal, among other information, the domains in which RAs are being applied in SoS, such as smart grids, as well as how they have been developed, which involve the use of reference models, architecture frameworks and design processes.


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How to Cite

Batista, P. E. P., Bulcão Neto, R. de F., Paes, C. E. de B., Lima, E. A. de, Rohling, A. J., & Graciano Neto, V. V. (2021). Reference Architecture for Systems of Systems: a Systematic Mapping. ISys - Brazilian Journal of Information Systems, 14(1), 119–153.




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